Posted on

erio cannabis seeds

Send book to Kindle

To send this book to your Kindle, first ensure [email protected] is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Send book to Dropbox

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox .

Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive .

Ribosomal and Protein Gene Phylogeny Reveals Novel Saprobic Fungal Species From Juglans regia and Urtica dioica

During an ongoing investigation of Ascomycetes from plant substrates, three saprobic species were found from plant substrates. Two new species, Leptosphaeria regiae and Neomicrosphaeropsis juglandis were isolated from dead branches of Juglans regia from Turkey. Another species is introduced herein as Subplenodomus urticae sp. nov within the family Leptosphaeriaceae found on Urtica dioica in Italy. Multigene phylogenies based on combined LSU, ITS, SSU, and β-tubulin DNA sequence data generated from maximum likelihood and MrBayes analyses indicate that Leptosphaeria regiae is related to L. slovacica and forms an independent lineage within the genus Leptosphaeria. Subplenodomus urticae is basal to S. iridicola and its establishment as a new species is strongly supported. Neomicrosphaeropsis juglandis forms a moderately supported lineage in between N. italica and N. elaeagni in the Didymellaceae. Full morphological details are provided herein and phylogenetic relationships of the three new species are also discussed.

Introduction

The bitunicate fungi commonly known as Dothideomycetes is one of the largest group of fungi with a high level of diversity (Zhang et al., 2012; Hyde et al., 2013, 2018, 2019; Tibpromma et al., 2017; Jayasiri et al., 2019). Most of them exist as decomposers, endophytes, epiphytes, fungicolous, lichenized, or lichenicolous fungi in diverse environments (Jeewon et al., 2013, 2017; Phukhamsakda et al., 2016; Doilom et al., 2017; Wanasinghe et al., 2018; Pem et al., 2019a; Phookamsak et al., 2019). They can reproduce either sexually or asexually (Doilom et al., 2014, 2018; Wijayawardene et al., 2014, 2018; Pem et al., 2019c, d). The role of fungi as decomposers is crucial as it helps in recycling of nutrients and releasing enzymes hence maintaining the nutrient compositions of the ecosystem (Hyde and Jeewon, 2003; Hyde et al., 2005; Tang et al., 2005). Decomposers also play vital role in the eco-system such as breakdown of rock to form soils, protection against pathogens and as a food source and alteration of pollutants (Dighton, 2016; Singh et al., 2016). Leptosphaeriaceae is a family in the order Pleosporales (Dothideomycetes, Ascomycota) introduced by Barr (1987) and typified by the genus Leptosphaeria. There are 1,800 epithets of Leptosphaeriaceae recorded in Index Fungorum (2020) with the largest number of species (1,669) occurring in the genus Leptosphaeria and 130 epithets in Mycobank (2020) but most of them lack molecular data. The family Leptosphaeriaceae is characterized by immersed to superficial ascomata, cylindrical to oblong pedicellate asci and reddish brown or yellowish brown, septate ascospores (Hyde et al., 2013; Ariyawansa et al., 2015; Dayarathne et al., 2015; Wanasinghe et al., 2016). Asexual morph are coelomycetous producing phialidic or annellidic conidiogenous cells (Wijayawardene et al., 2018). Leptosphaeriaceae species differ from other closely related families in the Dothideomycetes by the presence of a scleroplectenchymatous peridium. During our ongoing survey, another species resembling those of the asexual genus Neomicrosphaeropsis was observed. The genus Neomicrosphaeropsis was introduced by Thambugala et al. (2016) to accommodate four species namely; N. italica, N. novorossica, N. rossica, and N. tamaricicola. The type species is N. italica and was isolated from dead branches of Tamarix (Tamaricaceae) in Italy. Species of Neomicrosphaeropsis are pathogens or endophytes (Wijayawardene et al., 2017) and are morphologically characterized by hyaline to light brown, aseptate, obovoid to ellipsoidal conidia (Wijayawardene et al., 2018). The genus Neomicrosphaeropsis has been reported to comprise complex species which are morphologically similar but phylogenetically different (Thambugala et al., 2016). Neomicrosphaeropsis resembles species of Microsphaeropsis which is also accommodated in Didymellaceae as well as species of Coniothyrium in having hyaline to light brown, aseptate, obovoid to ellipsoidal, smooth-walled conidia (Verkley et al., 2014; Crous et al., 2019). There are currently 10 epithets in the genus Neomicrosphaeropsis (Index Fungorum, 2020). In this study, we introduce a new asexual species in the genus Neomicrosphaeropsis isolated from stems of Juglans regia (Juglandaceae) in Turkey using multi-gene (LSU, ITS, SSU, and β-tubulin) phylogenetic data. To the best of our knowledge, there have been no fungal species of Leptosphaeriaceae and Didymellaceae associated with Juglans regia in Turkey. We also report on a new species of Leptosphaeriaceae specifically in the genus Subplenodomus found on Urtica dioica from Italy. The aim of this study is to characterize these three fungal isolates in terms of morphology and phylogeny based on multi-gene sequence data.

Materials and Methods

Samples Collection, Morphological Examination, and Isolation

Specimens were collected from dead stems and branches of Juglans regia in the Corum and Kirikkale province of Turkey and on Urtica dioica in the province of Forlì-Cesena (FC) Italy ( Figure 1 ). Samples were stored in Zip-lock bags and returned to the laboratories for examination and description of morphological characters. The specimens were observed under a Motic SMZ 168 series dissecting stereo-microscope. Free hand sections of fungal structures were taken and mounted in water for microscopic study. Photomicrography was carried out using a Canon 750D digital camera fitted to the microscope. Measurements were made with the Tarosoft (R) Image Frame Work software. The images were processed with Adobe Photoshop CS5 v. 12.0 software (Adobe Systems, United States) to illustrate fungal characters using a photoplate. Pure cultures were established from single ascospores/conidia on 2% malt extract agar (MEA; 62 g/L Criterion in distilled water) as described in Vijaykrishna et al. (2004) and Pem et al. (2019d). Cultures were incubated at 25°C for up to 5 weeks and cultural characters were observed and measured after a week and again after 4 weeks following Liu et al. (2014). Holotype specimens are deposited in the herbarium located at Mae Fah Luang University (MFLU) and isotype specimens are deposited at the Kunming Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica Herbarium (HKAS), China. Ex-type living cultures are deposited at the Mae Fah Luang Culture Collection (MFLUCC) and duplicates at the Leibniz Institute DSMZ-German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell cultures (DSMZ). Faces of fungi numbers (Jayasiri et al., 2015) and Index Fungorum number 1 are provided.

Geographical coordinates and collecting site of specimen (a,b: Turkey, c: Juglans regia; d,e: Italy, f: Urtica dioica).

DNA Extraction, Amplification, and Sequencing

Isolates were grown on MEA at 16 ± 2°C for 8 weeks. DNA was extracted from fresh fungal mycelium using the DNA extraction kit (E.Z.N.A Fungal DNA Mini Kit, D3390-02, Omega Bio-Tek) following the manufacturer’s protocol. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) was performed to amplify specific gene regions. Primers LR0R and LR5 were used to amplify part of the nuclear ribosomal large subunit 28S rRNA gene (LSU) (Vilgalys and Hester, 1990; Rehner and Samuels, 1994). The Internal transcribed spacer rDNA region (ITS1, 5.8S rDNA, and ITS2) was determined using the primer ITS5/ITS4 and the 18S small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU) was amplified using NS1/NS4 (White et al., 1990). For the beta-tubulin (TUB) gene, partial cds region, the primers Bt2a/Bt2b was used (Woudenberg et al., 2009). Primer sequences are available at the WASABI (Web Accessible Sequence Analysis for Biological Inference) database at the AFTOL website (aftol.org). Amplification reactions profiles for LSU, ITS, SSU, and β-tubulin gene followed Tang et al. (2007), Wang et al. (2007), and Luo et al. (2017). The analysis of PCR amplification products (amplimers) were performed by the commercial sequencing provider (BGI, Ltd Shenzhen, PR China). Same primer pairs used for amplification process were used for sequencing. The nucleotide sequence data acquired is deposited in GenBank ( Table 1 ). The final alignment and tree are deposited in the TreeBASE repository site 2 . The recommendations outlined by Jeewon and Hyde (2016) were used to establish the new taxa.

TABLE 1

Isolates used in this study. Newly generated sequences are indicated in bold.

Taxon Strain/Culture No. Status GenBank accession numbers
LSU ITS SSU BTUB
Alloleptosphaeria italica MFLUCC 14-0934 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT454714","term_id":"984910198","term_text":"KT454714">> KT454714 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT454722","term_id":"984910206","term_text":"KT454722">> KT454722
Allophoma labilis CBS 124.93 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238092","term_id":"294987013","term_text":"GU238092">> GU238092 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237868","term_id":"294346519","term_text":"GU237868">> GU237868 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237620","term_id":"294346184","term_text":"GU237620">> GU237620
Alternariaster bidentis CBS 134021 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KC609341","term_id":"566637553","term_text":"KC609341">> KC609341 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KC609333","term_id":"566637523","term_text":"KC609333">> KC609333
Alternariaster centaureae diffusae MFLUCC 14-0992 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT454715","term_id":"984910199","term_text":"KT454715">> KT454715 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT454723","term_id":"984910207","term_text":"KT454723">> KT454723 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT454730","term_id":"984910214","term_text":"KT454730">> KT454730
Alternariaster helianthi CBS 327.69 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KC584369","term_id":"510947350","term_text":"KC584369">> KC584369 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KC609335","term_id":"566637525","term_text":"KC609335">> KC609335 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KC584627","term_id":"510947740","term_text":"KC584627">> KC584627
Alternariaster trigonosporus MFLU 15-2237 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY674858","term_id":"1193815633","term_text":"KY674858">> KY674858 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY674857","term_id":"1193815632","term_text":"KY674857">> KY674857
Ascochyta pisi CBS 126.54 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH868800","term_id":"1473255856","term_text":"MH868800">> MH868800 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH857263","term_id":"1473244319","term_text":"MH857263">> MH857263 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU754038","term_id":"208879583","term_text":"EU754038">> EU754038 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237531","term_id":"294346006","term_text":"GU237531">> GU237531
Ascochyta pisi CBS 122751 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP330444","term_id":"758343309","term_text":"KP330444">> KP330444 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP330432","term_id":"758343297","term_text":"KP330432">> KP330432 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP330388","term_id":"758343209","term_text":"KP330388">> KP330388
Ascochyta pisi CBS 122785 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237969","term_id":"294986890","term_text":"GU237969">> GU237969 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237763","term_id":"294346414","term_text":"GU237763">> GU237763 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU754039","term_id":"208879584","term_text":"EU754039">> EU754039 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237532","term_id":"294346008","term_text":"GU237532">> GU237532
Boeremia exigua var exigua CBS 431.74 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JX681074","term_id":"595827516","term_text":"JX681074">> JX681074 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427001","term_id":"238557766","term_text":"FJ427001">> FJ427001 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU754084","term_id":"208879629","term_text":"EU754084">> EU754084 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427112","term_id":"238557901","term_text":"FJ427112">> FJ427112
Boeremia exigua var pseudolilacis CBS 101207 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237941","term_id":"294986862","term_text":"GU237941">> GU237941 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237721","term_id":"294346372","term_text":"GU237721">> GU237721 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237503","term_id":"294345950","term_text":"GU237503">> GU237503
Briansuttonomyces eucalypti CBS 114887 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU728520","term_id":"1043227129","term_text":"KU728520">> KU728520 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU728480","term_id":"1043227089","term_text":"KU728480">> KU728480 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU728596","term_id":"1043227243","term_text":"KU728596">> KU728596
Briansuttonomyces eucalypti CBS 114879 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU728519","term_id":"1043227128","term_text":"KU728519">> KU728519 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU728479","term_id":"1043227088","term_text":"KU728479">> KU728479 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU728595","term_id":"1043227241","term_text":"KU728595">> KU728595
Calophoma aquilegiicola CBS 108.96 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238042","term_id":"294986963","term_text":"GU238042">> GU238042 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237736","term_id":"294346387","term_text":"GU237736">> GU237736 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237582","term_id":"294346108","term_text":"GU237582">> GU237582
Calophoma aquilegiicola CBS 107.96 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238041","term_id":"294986962","term_text":"GU238041">> GU238041 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237735","term_id":"294346386","term_text":"GU237735">> GU237735 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237581","term_id":"294346106","term_text":"GU237581">> GU237581
Calophoma clematidina CBS 108.79 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH872951","term_id":"1473260007","term_text":"MH872951">> MH872951 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ426989","term_id":"238557754","term_text":"FJ426989">> FJ426989
Calophoma clematidis-rectae CBS 507.63 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH869956","term_id":"1473257012","term_text":"MH869956">> MH869956 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ515606","term_id":"224809723","term_text":"FJ515606">> FJ515606 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ515624","term_id":"224809755","term_text":"FJ515624">> FJ515624
Calophoma glaucii CBS 112.96 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238077","term_id":"294986998","term_text":"GU238077">> GU238077 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237750","term_id":"294346401","term_text":"GU237750">> GU237750 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237610","term_id":"294346164","term_text":"GU237610">> GU237610
Calophoma vodakii CBS 173.53 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH868686","term_id":"1473255742","term_text":"MH868686">> MH868686 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH857149","term_id":"1473244205","term_text":"MH857149">> MH857149 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT389791","term_id":"967512882","term_text":"KT389791">> KT389791
Cumuliphoma indica CBS 654.77 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238122","term_id":"294987043","term_text":"GU238122">> GU238122 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427043","term_id":"238557808","term_text":"FJ427043">> FJ427043 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427153","term_id":"238557983","term_text":"FJ427153">> FJ427153
Cumuliphoma indica CBS 991.95 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238121","term_id":"294987042","term_text":"GU238121">> GU238121 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427044","term_id":"238557809","term_text":"FJ427044">> FJ427044 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427154","term_id":"238557985","term_text":"FJ427154">> FJ427154
Cumuliphoma omnivirens CBS 341.86 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"LT623214","term_id":"1328370655","term_text":"LT623214">> LT623214 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH861962","term_id":"1473249018","term_text":"MH861962">> MH861962 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427152","term_id":"238557981","term_text":"FJ427152">> FJ427152
Cumuliphoma pneumoniae CBS 142454 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"LN907392","term_id":"1119196197","term_text":"LN907392">> LN907392 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"LT592925","term_id":"1285276480","term_text":"LT592925">> LT592925 T592994
Didymella aliena CBS 379.93 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238037","term_id":"294986958","term_text":"GU238037">> GU238037 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237851","term_id":"294346502","term_text":"GU237851">> GU237851 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237578","term_id":"294346100","term_text":"GU237578">> GU237578
Didymella anserina CBS 360.84 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237993","term_id":"294986914","term_text":"GU237993">> GU237993 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237839","term_id":"294346490","term_text":"GU237839">> GU237839 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237551","term_id":"294346046","term_text":"GU237551">> GU237551
Didymella chenopodii CBS 128.93 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238055","term_id":"294986976","term_text":"GU238055">> GU238055 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237775","term_id":"294346426","term_text":"GU237775">> GU237775 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237591","term_id":"294346126","term_text":"GU237591">> GU237591
Didymella exigua CBS 183.55 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH868977","term_id":"1473256033","term_text":"MH868977">> MH868977 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH857436","term_id":"1473244492","term_text":"MH857436">> MH857436 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU296147","term_id":"283993166","term_text":"GU296147">> GU296147 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237525","term_id":"294345994","term_text":"GU237525">> GU237525
Didymella glomerata DAOM 214575 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JN938876","term_id":"358001153","term_text":"JN938876">> JN938876 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JN942893","term_id":"358001566","term_text":"JN942893">> JN942893 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JN939031","term_id":"358001667","term_text":"JN939031">> JN939031
Didymella glomerata CBS 464.97 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238009","term_id":"294986930","term_text":"GU238009">> GU238009 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427012","term_id":"238557777","term_text":"FJ427012">> FJ427012 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU754086","term_id":"208879631","term_text":"EU754086">> EU754086 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427123","term_id":"238557923","term_text":"FJ427123">> FJ427123
Didymella negriana CBS 358.71 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH871931","term_id":"1473258987","term_text":"MH871931">> MH871931 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237838","term_id":"294346489","term_text":"GU237838">> GU237838 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237635","term_id":"294346214","term_text":"GU237635">> GU237635
Didymella sp. CPC 21698 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KF777232","term_id":"570342102","term_text":"KF777232">> KF777232 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KF777180","term_id":"570342050","term_text":"KF777180">> KF777180
Didymella sp. CPC 22587 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KJ869191","term_id":"663232210","term_text":"KJ869191">> KJ869191 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KJ869134","term_id":"663232108","term_text":"KJ869134">> KJ869134 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KJ869246","term_id":"663232347","term_text":"KJ869246">> KJ869246
Didymellocamarosporium tamaricis MFLUCC 15-0067 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY496733","term_id":"1261077702","term_text":"KY496733">> KY496733 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY496753","term_id":"1261077722","term_text":"KY496753">> KY496753 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY501116","term_id":"1246951565","term_text":"KY501116">> KY501116
Didymellocamarosporium tamaricis T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU848183","term_id":"1103653070","term_text":"KU848183">> KU848183 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU848182","term_id":"1103653069","term_text":"KU848182">> KU848182
Didysimulans italica MFLUCC 15-0059 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY496730","term_id":"1261077699","term_text":"KY496730">> KY496730 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY496750","term_id":"1261077719","term_text":"KY496750">> KY496750 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY501118","term_id":"1246951567","term_text":"KY501118">> KY501118
Didysimulans mezzanensis MFLUCC 15-0078 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY496733","term_id":"1261077702","term_text":"KY496733">> KY496733 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY496753","term_id":"1261077722","term_text":"KY496753">> KY496753 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY501116","term_id":"1246951565","term_text":"KY501116">> KY501116
Dothidotthia aspera CPC 12933 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU673276","term_id":"1584774670","term_text":"EU673276">> EU673276 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK442601","term_id":"1573763201","term_text":"MK442601">> MK442601 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU673228","term_id":"194410399","term_text":"EU673228">> EU673228
Dothidotthia symphoricarpi CBS 119687 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU673273","term_id":"1584774667","term_text":"EU673273">> EU673273 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH863064","term_id":"1473250120","term_text":"MH863064">> MH863064 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU673224","term_id":"194410395","term_text":"EU673224">> EU673224
Ectophoma multirostrata CBS 110.79 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238110","term_id":"294987031","term_text":"GU238110">> GU238110 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427030","term_id":"238557795","term_text":"FJ427030">> FJ427030 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427140","term_id":"238557957","term_text":"FJ427140">> FJ427140
Ectophoma multirostrata CBS 274.60 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH869536","term_id":"1473256592","term_text":"MH869536">> MH869536 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH857982","term_id":"1473245038","term_text":"MH857982">> MH857982 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427141","term_id":"238557959","term_text":"FJ427141">> FJ427141
Ectophoma multirostrata CBS 368.65 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH870257","term_id":"1473257313","term_text":"MH870257">> MH870257 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH858615","term_id":"1473245671","term_text":"MH858615">> MH858615 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427143","term_id":"238557963","term_text":"FJ427143">> FJ427143
Ectophoma pomi CBS 267.92 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238128","term_id":"294987049","term_text":"GU238128">> GU238128 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237814","term_id":"294346465","term_text":"GU237814">> GU237814 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237643","term_id":"294346230","term_text":"GU237643">> GU237643
Epicoccum nigrum CBS 173.73 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH872357","term_id":"1473259413","term_text":"MH872357">> MH872357 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH860655","term_id":"1473247711","term_text":"MH860655">> MH860655 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238206","term_id":"294987123","term_text":"GU238206">> GU238206 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427107","term_id":"238557891","term_text":"FJ427107">> FJ427107
Heterophoma novae-verbasicola CBS 127.93 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238120","term_id":"294987041","term_text":"GU238120">> GU238120 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237774","term_id":"294346425","term_text":"GU237774">> GU237774 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237639","term_id":"294346222","term_text":"GU237639">> GU237639
Heterophoma sylvatica CBS 874.97 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238147","term_id":"294987068","term_text":"GU238147">> GU238147 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237907","term_id":"294346558","term_text":"GU237907">> GU237907 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237662","term_id":"294346268","term_text":"GU237662">> GU237662
Heterospora chenopodii CBS 115.96 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU754188","term_id":"208879733","term_text":"EU754188">> EU754188 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740227","term_id":"345103697","term_text":"JF740227">> JF740227 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU754089","term_id":"208879634","term_text":"EU754089">> EU754089
Heterospora chenopodii CBS 448.68 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU754188","term_id":"208879733","term_text":"EU754188">> EU754188 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740227","term_id":"345103697","term_text":"JF740227">> JF740227 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU754089","term_id":"208879634","term_text":"EU754089">> EU754089
Heterospora dimorphospora CBS 165.78 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740281","term_id":"345103751","term_text":"JF740281">> JF740281 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740204","term_id":"345103674","term_text":"JF740204">> JF740204 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740098","term_id":"345103494","term_text":"JF740098">> JF740098
Heterospora dimorphospora CBS 345.78 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238069","term_id":"294986990","term_text":"GU238069">> GU238069 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740203","term_id":"345103673","term_text":"JF740203">> JF740203 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238213","term_id":"294987130","term_text":"GU238213">> GU238213
Juxtiphoma eupyrena CBS 374.91 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238072","term_id":"294986993","term_text":"GU238072">> GU238072 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ426999","term_id":"238557764","term_text":"FJ426999">> FJ426999 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427110","term_id":"238557897","term_text":"FJ427110">> FJ427110
Juxtiphoma eupyrena CBS 527.66 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH870524","term_id":"1473257580","term_text":"MH870524">> MH870524 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427000","term_id":"238557765","term_text":"FJ427000">> FJ427000 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427111","term_id":"238557899","term_text":"FJ427111">> FJ427111
Leptosphaeria cichorium MFLUCC 14-1063 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT454712","term_id":"984910196","term_text":"KT454712">> KT454712 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT454720","term_id":"984910204","term_text":"KT454720">> KT454720 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT454728","term_id":"984910212","term_text":"KT454728">> KT454728
Leptosphaeria conoidea CBS 616.75 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH872726","term_id":"1473259782","term_text":"MH872726">> MH872726 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH860957","term_id":"1473248013","term_text":"MH860957">> MH860957 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740099","term_id":"345103495","term_text":"JF740099">> JF740099 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT389804","term_id":"967512908","term_text":"KT389804">> KT389804
Leptosphaeria doliolum CBS 505.75 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU301827","term_id":"284192817","term_text":"GU301827">> GU301827 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH860947","term_id":"1473248003","term_text":"MH860947">> MH860947 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU296159","term_id":"283993178","term_text":"GU296159">> GU296159 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740144","term_id":"345103578","term_text":"JF740144">> JF740144
Leptosphaeria doliolum MFLUCC 15-1875 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH870536","term_id":"1473257592","term_text":"MH870536">> MH870536 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH858879","term_id":"1473245935","term_text":"MH858879">> MH858879 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU296159","term_id":"283993178","term_text":"GU296159">> GU296159
Leptosphaeria ebuli MFLUCC 14-0828 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP744488","term_id":"873314643","term_text":"KP744488">> KP744488 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP744446","term_id":"873314538","term_text":"KP744446">> KP744446 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP753954","term_id":"823090601","term_text":"KP753954">> KP753954
Leptosphaeria errabunda CBS 617.75 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740289","term_id":"345103759","term_text":"JF740289">> JF740289 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740216","term_id":"345103686","term_text":"JF740216">> JF740216 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740150","term_id":"345103590","term_text":"JF740150">> JF740150
Leptosphaeria italica MFLU 15-0174 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT783670","term_id":"1002096748","term_text":"KT783670">> KT783670
Leptosphaeria macrocapsa CBS 640.93 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740304","term_id":"345103774","term_text":"JF740304">> JF740304 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740237","term_id":"345103707","term_text":"JF740237">> JF740237 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740156","term_id":"345103602","term_text":"JF740156">> JF740156
Leptosphaeria pedicularis CBS 390.80 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740294","term_id":"345103764","term_text":"JF740294">> JF740294 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740224","term_id":"345103694","term_text":"JF740224">> JF740224 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740155","term_id":"345103600","term_text":"JF740155">> JF740155
Leptosphaeria regiae MFLUCC 18-1137 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MN244171","term_id":"1714016930","term_text":"MN244171">> MN244171 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MN244201","term_id":"1714016959","term_text":"MN244201">> MN244201 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MN244177","term_id":"1714016946","term_text":"MN244177">> MN244177
Leptosphaeria sclerotioides CBS 148.84 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740270","term_id":"345103740","term_text":"JF740270">> JF740270 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740193","term_id":"345103663","term_text":"JF740193">> JF740193
Leptosphaeria slovacica CBS 125975 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740316","term_id":"345103786","term_text":"JF740316">> JF740316 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740248","term_id":"345103718","term_text":"JF740248">> JF740248
Leptosphaeria sydowii CBS 385.80 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740313","term_id":"345103783","term_text":"JF740313">> JF740313 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740244","term_id":"345103714","term_text":"JF740244">> JF740244 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740157","term_id":"345103604","term_text":"JF740157">> JF740157
Leptosphaeria urticae MFLU 18-0591 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK123332","term_id":"1508736584","term_text":"MK123332">> MK123332 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK123333","term_id":"1508736585","term_text":"MK123333">> MK123333 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK123329","term_id":"1508736581","term_text":"MK123329">> MK123329
Leptosphaeria veronicae CBS 126583 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH875625","term_id":"1473262681","term_text":"MH875625">> MH875625 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH864163","term_id":"1473251219","term_text":"MH864163">> MH864163 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740161","term_id":"345103612","term_text":"JF740161">> JF740161
Leptosphaerulina arachidicola CBS 275.59 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH869401","term_id":"1473256457","term_text":"MH869401">> MH869401 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH857863","term_id":"1473244919","term_text":"MH857863">> MH857863 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237543","term_id":"294346030","term_text":"GU237543">> GU237543
Leptosphaerulina australis CBS 317.83 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH873322","term_id":"1473260378","term_text":"MH873322">> MH873322 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH861604","term_id":"1473248660","term_text":"MH861604">> MH861604 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU296160","term_id":"283993179","term_text":"GU296160">> GU296160 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237540","term_id":"294346024","term_text":"GU237540">> GU237540
Leptosphaerulina trifolii CBS 235.58 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH869300","term_id":"1473256356","term_text":"MH869300">> MH869300 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH857767","term_id":"1473244823","term_text":"MH857767">> MH857767 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237542","term_id":"294346028","term_text":"GU237542">> GU237542
Loratospora aestuarii JK 5535B <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU301838","term_id":"284192828","term_text":"GU301838">> GU301838 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU296168","term_id":"283993187","term_text":"GU296168">> GU296168
Macroventuria anomochaeta CBS 502.72 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH872250","term_id":"1473259306","term_text":"MH872250">> MH872250 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237873","term_id":"294346524","term_text":"GU237873">> GU237873 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237545","term_id":"294346034","term_text":"GU237545">> GU237545
Macroventuria anomochaeta CBS 525.71 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH872013","term_id":"1473259069","term_text":"MH872013">> MH872013 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237881","term_id":"294346532","term_text":"GU237881">> GU237881 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238208","term_id":"294987125","term_text":"GU238208">> GU238208 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237544","term_id":"294346032","term_text":"GU237544">> GU237544
Macroventuria wentii CBS 526.71 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH872014","term_id":"1473259070","term_text":"MH872014">> MH872014 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH860250","term_id":"1473247306","term_text":"MH860250">> MH860250 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237546","term_id":"294346036","term_text":"GU237546">> GU237546
Microsphaeropsis olivacea CBS 432.71 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237987","term_id":"294986908","term_text":"GU237987">> GU237987 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237863","term_id":"294346514","term_text":"GU237863">> GU237863 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237548","term_id":"294346040","term_text":"GU237548">> GU237548
Microsphaeropsis olivacea CBS 442.83 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU754171","term_id":"208879716","term_text":"EU754171">> EU754171 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237865","term_id":"294346516","term_text":"GU237865">> GU237865 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU754072","term_id":"208879617","term_text":"EU754072">> EU754072 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237547","term_id":"294346038","term_text":"GU237547">> GU237547
Microsphaeropsis olivacea CBS 233.77 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237988","term_id":"294986909","term_text":"GU237988">> GU237988 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237803","term_id":"294346454","term_text":"GU237803">> GU237803 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237549","term_id":"294346042","term_text":"GU237549">> GU237549
Microsphaeropsis ononidicola MFLUCC 15-0459, ICMP 21575 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MG967668","term_id":"1391849384","term_text":"MG967668">> MG967668 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MG967670","term_id":"1391849385","term_text":"MG967670">> MG967670 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MG973087","term_id":"1391849255","term_text":"MG973087">> MG973087
Microsphaeropsis proteae CBS 111303 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JN712561","term_id":"350642971","term_text":"JN712561">> JN712561 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JN712495","term_id":"350642905","term_text":"JN712495">> JN712495
Microsphaeropsis proteae CBS 111320 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JN712562","term_id":"350642972","term_text":"JN712562">> JN712562 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JN712496","term_id":"350642906","term_text":"JN712496">> JN712496 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JN712649","term_id":"350643137","term_text":"JN712649">> JN712649
Microsphaeropsis proteae CBS 111319 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JN712563","term_id":"350642973","term_text":"JN712563">> JN712563 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JN712497","term_id":"350642907","term_text":"JN712497">> JN712497 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JN712650","term_id":"350643139","term_text":"JN712650">> JN712650
Microsphaeropsis spartii-juncei MFLU 16-0100 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069668","term_id":"1486794145","term_text":"MH069668">> MH069668 NR160346 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069674","term_id":"1486794719","term_text":"MH069674">> MH069674 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069687","term_id":"1486795862","term_text":"MH069687">> MH069687
Microsphaeropsis spartii-juncei MFLU 16-0097 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069669","term_id":"1486794147","term_text":"MH069669">> MH069669 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069663","term_id":"1486793613","term_text":"MH069663">> MH069663 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069675","term_id":"1486794721","term_text":"MH069675">> MH069675 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069688","term_id":"1486795865","term_text":"MH069688">> MH069688
Neoas. europaea CBS 820.84 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT389729","term_id":"967512796","term_text":"KT389729">> KT389729 NR136131 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT389809","term_id":"967512918","term_text":"KT389809">> KT389809
Neoas. exitalis CBS 389.86 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT389733","term_id":"967512800","term_text":"KT389733">> KT389733 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH861971","term_id":"1473249027","term_text":"MH861971">> MH861971 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT389813","term_id":"967512926","term_text":"KT389813">> KT389813
Neodid. cannabis CBS 121.75 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237972","term_id":"294986893","term_text":"GU237972">> GU237972 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237761","term_id":"294346412","term_text":"GU237761">> GU237761 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237535","term_id":"294346014","term_text":"GU237535">> GU237535
Neodid. polemonii CBS 109181 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238133","term_id":"294987054","term_text":"GU238133">> GU238133 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237746","term_id":"294346397","term_text":"GU237746">> GU237746 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237648","term_id":"294346240","term_text":"GU237648">> GU237648
Neodid. xanthina CBS 383.68 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238157","term_id":"294987078","term_text":"GU238157">> GU238157 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237855","term_id":"294346506","term_text":"GU237855">> GU237855 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237669","term_id":"294346282","term_text":"GU237669">> GU237669
Neoleptosphaeria jonesii MFLUCC 16-1442 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY211870","term_id":"1200789082","term_text":"KY211870">> KY211870 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY211869","term_id":"1200789081","term_text":"KY211869">> KY211869 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY211871","term_id":"1200789083","term_text":"KY211871">> KY211871
Neoleptosphaeria rubefaciens CBS 223.77 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740312","term_id":"345103782","term_text":"JF740312">> JF740312 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740243","term_id":"345103713","term_text":"JF740243">> JF740243
Neoleptosphaeria rubefaciens CBS 387.80 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740311","term_id":"345103781","term_text":"JF740311">> JF740311 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740242","term_id":"345103712","term_text":"JF740242">> JF740242
Neomicrosphaeropsis alhagi-pseudalhagi MFLUCC 17-0825 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069670","term_id":"1486794149","term_text":"MH069670">> MH069670 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069664","term_id":"1486793614","term_text":"MH069664">> MH069664 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069676","term_id":"1486794723","term_text":"MH069676">> MH069676 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069689","term_id":"1486795868","term_text":"MH069689">> MH069689
Neomicrosphaeropsis cystisi MFLUCC 13-0396 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KX572342","term_id":"1091544762","term_text":"KX572342">> KX572342 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KX572337","term_id":"1091544757","term_text":"KX572337">> KX572337 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KX572347","term_id":"1091544767","term_text":"KX572347">> KX572347
Neomicrosphaeropsis cystisicola MFLUCC 18-0355 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069671","term_id":"1486794151","term_text":"MH069671">> MH069671 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069665","term_id":"1486793615","term_text":"MH069665">> MH069665 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069690","term_id":"1486795871","term_text":"MH069690">> MH069690
Neomicrosphaeropsis cystisinus MFLUCC 16-0790 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KX611241","term_id":"1091543046","term_text":"KX611241">> KX611241 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KX611243","term_id":"1245773789","term_text":"KX611243">> KX611243 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KX611242","term_id":"1091543047","term_text":"KX611242">> KX611242
Neomicrosphaeropsis elaeagni MFLUCC 17-0740 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069672","term_id":"1486794153","term_text":"MH069672">> MH069672 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069666","term_id":"1486793616","term_text":"MH069666">> MH069666 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069678","term_id":"1486794727","term_text":"MH069678">> MH069678 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069691","term_id":"1486795874","term_text":"MH069691">> MH069691
Neomicrosphaeropsis italica MFLUCC 15-0485 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU729854","term_id":"1012444534","term_text":"KU729854">> KU729854 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU900318","term_id":"1012444482","term_text":"KU900318">> KU900318 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU900309","term_id":"1012444524","term_text":"KU900309">> KU900309
Neomicrosphaeropsis italica MFLUCC 16-0284 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU900296","term_id":"1012444546","term_text":"KU900296">> KU900296 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU900321","term_id":"1012444485","term_text":"KU900321">> KU900321 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU900311","term_id":"1012444526","term_text":"KU900311">> KU900311 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KX453299","term_id":"1093007518","term_text":"KX453299">> KX453299
Neomicrosphaeropsis italica MFLUCC 15-0484 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU729853","term_id":"1012444533","term_text":"KU729853">> KU729853 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU900319","term_id":"1012444483","term_text":"KU900319">> KU900319 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KX453298","term_id":"1093007517","term_text":"KX453298">> KX453298
Neomicrosphaeropsis italica MFLUCC 15-0487 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU729852","term_id":"1012444532","term_text":"KU729852">> KU729852 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU900320","term_id":"1012444484","term_text":"KU900320">> KU900320 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU900310","term_id":"1012444525","term_text":"KU900310">> KU900310
Neomicrosphaeropsis juglandis MFLUCC 18-0795 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MN244206","term_id":"1714016964","term_text":"MN244206">> MN244206 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MN244223","term_id":"1714016981","term_text":"MN244223">> MN244223 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MN244183","term_id":"1714016936","term_text":"MN244183">> MN244183 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MN871954","term_id":"1825482765","term_text":"MN871954">> MN871954
Neomicrosphaeropsis minima MFLUCC 13-0394 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KX572341","term_id":"1091544761","term_text":"KX572341">> KX572341 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KX572336","term_id":"1091544756","term_text":"KX572336">> KX572336 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KX572346","term_id":"1091544766","term_text":"KX572346">> KX572346
Neomicrosphaeropsis novorossica MFLUCC 14-0578 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KX198710","term_id":"1093007523","term_text":"KX198710">> KX198710 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KX198709","term_id":"1093007522","term_text":"KX198709">> KX198709 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KX198711","term_id":"1093007524","term_text":"KX198711">> KX198711
Neomicrosphaeropsis rossica MFLUCC 14-0586 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU729855","term_id":"1012444535","term_text":"KU729855">> KU729855 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU752192","term_id":"1012444510","term_text":"KU752192">> KU752192 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU870914","term_id":"1012444523","term_text":"KU870914">> KU870914
Neomicrosphaeropsis tamaricicola MFLUCC 14-0443 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU729851","term_id":"1012444531","term_text":"KU729851">> KU729851 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU900322","term_id":"1012444486","term_text":"KU900322">> KU900322 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU900312","term_id":"1012444527","term_text":"KU900312">> KU900312
Neomicrosphaeropsis tamaricicola MFLUCC 14-0439 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU729858","term_id":"1012444538","term_text":"KU729858">> KU729858 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU900323","term_id":"1012444487","term_text":"KU900323">> KU900323 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KU900313","term_id":"1012444528","term_text":"KU900313">> KU900313
Neomicrosphaeropsis tamaricicola MFLUCC 14-0602 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KM408754","term_id":"724472536","term_text":"KM408754">> KM408754 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KM408753","term_id":"724472535","term_text":"KM408753">> KM408753 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KM408755","term_id":"724472537","term_text":"KM408755">> KM408755 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH069692","term_id":"1486795877","term_text":"MH069692">> MH069692
Nothophoma anigozanthi CBS 381.91 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238039","term_id":"294986960","term_text":"GU238039">> GU238039 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237852","term_id":"294346503","term_text":"GU237852">> GU237852 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237580","term_id":"294346104","term_text":"GU237580">> GU237580
Nothophoma arachidia-hypogaeae CBS 125.93 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH874048","term_id":"1473261104","term_text":"MH874048">> MH874048 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH862388","term_id":"1473249444","term_text":"MH862388">> MH862388 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237583","term_id":"294346110","term_text":"GU237583">> GU237583
Nothophoma infossa CBS 123395 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238089","term_id":"294987010","term_text":"GU238089">> GU238089 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH863295","term_id":"1473250351","term_text":"MH863295">> MH863295 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427135","term_id":"238557947","term_text":"FJ427135">> FJ427135
Nothophoma infossa CBS 123394 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238088","term_id":"294987009","term_text":"GU238088">> GU238088 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427024","term_id":"238557789","term_text":"FJ427024">> FJ427024 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"FJ427134","term_id":"238557945","term_text":"FJ427134">> FJ427134
Ophiosphaerella herpotricha CBS 620.86 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"DQ678062","term_id":"109289607","term_text":"DQ678062">> DQ678062 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KF498728","term_id":"554793028","term_text":"KF498728">> KF498728 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"DQ678010","term_id":"109289557","term_text":"DQ678010">> DQ678010
Paraboeremia adianticola CBS 187.83 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238035","term_id":"294986956","term_text":"GU238035">> GU238035 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237796","term_id":"294346447","term_text":"GU237796">> GU237796 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237576","term_id":"294346096","term_text":"GU237576">> GU237576
Paraboeremia putaminum CBS 130.69 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH871005","term_id":"1473258061","term_text":"MH871005">> MH871005 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH859273","term_id":"1473246329","term_text":"MH859273">> MH859273 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237652","term_id":"294346248","term_text":"GU237652">> GU237652
Paraboeremia selaginellae CBS 122.93 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238142","term_id":"294987063","term_text":"GU238142">> GU238142 NR 135980 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237656","term_id":"294346256","term_text":"GU237656">> GU237656
Paraleptosphaeria dryadis CBS 643.86 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH873696","term_id":"1473260752","term_text":"MH873696">> MH873696 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH862007","term_id":"1473249063","term_text":"MH862007">> MH862007 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KC584632","term_id":"510947745","term_text":"KC584632">> KC584632
Paraleptosphaeria macrospora CBS 114198 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH874520","term_id":"1473261576","term_text":"MH874520">> MH874520 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH862957","term_id":"1473250013","term_text":"MH862957">> MH862957
Paraleptosphaeria nitschkei CBS 306 51 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH868393","term_id":"1473255449","term_text":"MH868393">> MH868393 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH856873","term_id":"1473243929","term_text":"MH856873">> MH856873 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT389833","term_id":"967512966","term_text":"KT389833">> KT389833
Paraleptosphaeria padi MFLU 15-2756 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY554198","term_id":"1197234261","term_text":"KY554198">> KY554198 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY554203","term_id":"1197234266","term_text":"KY554203">> KY554203 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY554201","term_id":"1197234264","term_text":"KY554201">> KY554201
Paraleptosphaeria rubi MFLUCC 14-0211 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT454718","term_id":"984910202","term_text":"KT454718">> KT454718 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT454726","term_id":"984910210","term_text":"KT454726">> KT454726 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT454733","term_id":"984910217","term_text":"KT454733">> KT454733
Paraphoma radicina CBS 111.79 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH872952","term_id":"1473260008","term_text":"MH872952">> MH872952 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH861183","term_id":"1473248239","term_text":"MH861183">> MH861183 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU754092","term_id":"208879637","term_text":"EU754092">> EU754092 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KF252667","term_id":"530747190","term_text":"KF252667">> KF252667
Phaeosphaeria elongata CBS 120250 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU456327","term_id":"289623156","term_text":"GU456327">> GU456327 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH863080","term_id":"1473250136","term_text":"MH863080">> MH863080 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU456306","term_id":"289623123","term_text":"GU456306">> GU456306
Phaeosphaeria oryzae CBS 110110 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH874442","term_id":"1473261498","term_text":"MH874442">> MH874442 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH862850","term_id":"1473249906","term_text":"MH862850">> MH862850 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GQ387530","term_id":"298507688","term_text":"GQ387530">> GQ387530 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KF252680","term_id":"530747216","term_text":"KF252680">> KF252680
Phaeosphaeriopsis glaucopunctata MFLUCC 13-0265 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KJ522477","term_id":"633605183","term_text":"KJ522477">> KJ522477 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KJ522473","term_id":"633605167","term_text":"KJ522473">> KJ522473 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KJ522481","term_id":"633605202","term_text":"KJ522481">> KJ522481
Phoma herbarum CBS 615.75 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KF251715","term_id":"530746784","term_text":"KF251715">> KF251715 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KF251212","term_id":"530746643","term_text":"KF251212">> KF251212 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU754087","term_id":"208879632","term_text":"EU754087">> EU754087 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KF252703","term_id":"530747262","term_text":"KF252703">> KF252703
Phoma herbarum CBS 274.37 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT389754","term_id":"967512821","term_text":"KT389754">> KT389754 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT389537","term_id":"967512465","term_text":"KT389537">> KT389537 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT389835","term_id":"967512970","term_text":"KT389835">> KT389835
Phoma herbarum CBS 502.91 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238082","term_id":"294987003","term_text":"GU238082">> GU238082 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237874","term_id":"294346525","term_text":"GU237874">> GU237874 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237613","term_id":"294346170","term_text":"GU237613">> GU237613
Phoma neerlandica CBS 134.96 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT389753","term_id":"967512820","term_text":"KT389753">> KT389753 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT389535","term_id":"967512463","term_text":"KT389535">> KT389535 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT389834","term_id":"1237962809","term_text":"KT389834">> KT389834
Phomatodes aubrietiae CBS 627.97 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH874272","term_id":"1473261328","term_text":"MH874272">> MH874272 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237895","term_id":"294346546","term_text":"GU237895">> GU237895 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237585","term_id":"294346114","term_text":"GU237585">> GU237585
Phomatodes aubrietiae CBS 383.67 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238044","term_id":"294986965","term_text":"GU238044">> GU238044 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237854","term_id":"294346505","term_text":"GU237854">> GU237854 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237584","term_id":"294346112","term_text":"GU237584">> GU237584
Phomatodes nebulosa CBS 127776 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH876211","term_id":"1473263267","term_text":"MH876211">> MH876211 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH864771","term_id":"1473251827","term_text":"MH864771">> MH864771 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237634","term_id":"294346212","term_text":"GU237634">> GU237634
Plenodomus agnitus CBS 121. 89 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH875626","term_id":"1473262682","term_text":"MH875626">> MH875626 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP744459","term_id":"873314551","term_text":"KP744459">> KP744459 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY064053","term_id":"1214938614","term_text":"KY064053">> KY064053
Plenodomus artemisiae KUMCC 18-0151 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387958","term_id":"1552278175","term_text":"MK387958">> MK387958 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387920","term_id":"1552235338","term_text":"MK387920">> MK387920 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387928","term_id":"1552277691","term_text":"MK387928">> MK387928
Plenodomus chrysanthemi CBS 539.63 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH869970","term_id":"1473257026","term_text":"MH869970">> MH869970 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH858349","term_id":"1473245405","term_text":"MH858349">> MH858349 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238230","term_id":"294987147","term_text":"GU238230">> GU238230 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY064055","term_id":"1214938618","term_text":"KY064055">> KY064055
Plenodomus collinsoniae CBS 120227 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740276","term_id":"345103746","term_text":"JF740276">> JF740276 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740200","term_id":"345103670","term_text":"JF740200">> JF740200 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY064056","term_id":"1214938620","term_text":"KY064056">> KY064056
Plenodomus collinsoniae VT2 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MN653010","term_id":"1773393112","term_text":"MN653010">> MN653010
Plenodomus congestus CBS 244.64 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740278","term_id":"345103748","term_text":"JF740278">> JF740278 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"AF439460","term_id":"17017173","term_text":"AF439460">> AF439460 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY064058","term_id":"1214938624","term_text":"KY064058">> KY064058
Plenodomus deqinensis CGMCC 3.18221 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY064031","term_id":"1239640101","term_text":"KY064031">> KY064031 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY064027","term_id":"1214938574","term_text":"KY064027">> KY064027 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY064052","term_id":"1214938612","term_text":"KY064052">> KY064052
Plenodomus enteroleucus CBS 142.84 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740287","term_id":"345103757","term_text":"JF740287">> JF740287 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740214","term_id":"345103684","term_text":"JF740214">> JF740214 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT266266","term_id":"966631963","term_text":"KT266266">> KT266266
Plenodomus fallaciosus CBS 414.62 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH869793","term_id":"1473256849","term_text":"MH869793">> MH869793 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740222","term_id":"345103692","term_text":"JF740222">> JF740222
Plenodomus guttulatus MFLUCC 15-1876 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT454713","term_id":"984910197","term_text":"KT454713">> KT454713 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT454721","term_id":"984910205","term_text":"KT454721">> KT454721 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT454729","term_id":"984910213","term_text":"KT454729">> KT454729
Plenodomus hendersoniae CBS 113702 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH874506","term_id":"1473261562","term_text":"MH874506">> MH874506 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH862939","term_id":"1473249995","term_text":"MH862939">> MH862939 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT266271","term_id":"966631973","term_text":"KT266271">> KT266271
Plenodomus influorescens CBS 143.84 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740297","term_id":"345103767","term_text":"JF740297">> JF740297 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740228","term_id":"345103698","term_text":"JF740228">> JF740228 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT266267","term_id":"966631965","term_text":"KT266267">> KT266267
Plenodomus libanotidis CBS 113795 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH874508","term_id":"1473261564","term_text":"MH874508">> MH874508 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH862943","term_id":"1473249999","term_text":"MH862943">> MH862943 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY064059","term_id":"1214938626","term_text":"KY064059">> KY064059
Plenodomus lijiangensis KUMCC 18-0186 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387959","term_id":"1552278177","term_text":"MK387959">> MK387959 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387921","term_id":"1552235340","term_text":"MK387921">> MK387921 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387929","term_id":"1552277693","term_text":"MK387929">> MK387929
Plenodomus lindquistii CBS 381.67 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH870699","term_id":"1473257755","term_text":"MH870699">> MH870699 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH858999","term_id":"1473246055","term_text":"MH858999">> MH858999
Plenodomus lingam CBS 260.94 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JX681096","term_id":"595827538","term_text":"JX681096">> JX681096 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH862462","term_id":"1473249518","term_text":"MH862462">> MH862462 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY064060","term_id":"1214938628","term_text":"KY064060">> KY064060
Plenodomus lupini CBS 248.92 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740303","term_id":"345103773","term_text":"JF740303">> JF740303 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740236","term_id":"345103706","term_text":"JF740236">> JF740236 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY064061","term_id":"1214938630","term_text":"KY064061">> KY064061
Plenodomus pimpinellae CBS 101637 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH874352","term_id":"1473261408","term_text":"MH874352">> MH874352 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740240","term_id":"345103710","term_text":"JF740240">> JF740240 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY064062","term_id":"1214938632","term_text":"KY064062">> KY064062
Plenodomus salviae MFLUCC 13-0219 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT454717","term_id":"984910201","term_text":"KT454717">> KT454717 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT454725","term_id":"984910209","term_text":"KT454725">> KT454725 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT454732","term_id":"984910216","term_text":"KT454732">> KT454732
Plenodomus sinensis KUMCC 18-0152 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387961","term_id":"1552278181","term_text":"MK387961">> MK387961 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387923","term_id":"1552235344","term_text":"MK387923">> MK387923 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387931","term_id":"1552277697","term_text":"MK387931">> MK387931
Plenodomus sinensis KUMCC 18-0153 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387960","term_id":"1552278179","term_text":"MK387960">> MK387960 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387922","term_id":"1552235342","term_text":"MK387922">> MK387922 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387930","term_id":"1552277695","term_text":"MK387930">> MK387930
Plenodomus sinensis KUN HKAS 102227 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387962","term_id":"1552278183","term_text":"MK387962">> MK387962 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387924","term_id":"1552235346","term_text":"MK387924">> MK387924 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387932","term_id":"1552277699","term_text":"MK387932">> MK387932
Plenodomus sinensis MFLUCC 17-0757 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MF072718","term_id":"1339978608","term_text":"MF072718">> MF072718 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MF072722","term_id":"1339978612","term_text":"MF072722">> MF072722 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MF072720","term_id":"1339978610","term_text":"MF072720">> MF072720
Plenodomus tracheiphilus CBS 127250 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740318","term_id":"345103788","term_text":"JF740318">> JF740318 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740250","term_id":"345103720","term_text":"JF740250">> JF740250
Plenodomus visci CBS 122783 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU754195","term_id":"208879740","term_text":"EU754195">> EU754195 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740256","term_id":"345103726","term_text":"JF740256">> JF740256 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"EU754096","term_id":"208879641","term_text":"EU754096">> EU754096 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY064063","term_id":"1214938634","term_text":"KY064063">> KY064063
Plenodomus wasabiae CBS 120119 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740257","term_id":"345103727","term_text":"JF740257">> JF740257 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT266272","term_id":"966631975","term_text":"KT266272">> KT266272
Pseudoascochyta novae-zelandiae CBS 141689 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"LT592893","term_id":"1127884392","term_text":"LT592893">> LT592893 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"LT592892","term_id":"1127884390","term_text":"LT592892">> LT592892 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"LT592894","term_id":"1127884395","term_text":"LT592894">> LT592894
Pseudoleptosphaeria etheridgei CBS 125980 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH875320","term_id":"1473262376","term_text":"MH875320">> MH875320 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740221","term_id":"345103691","term_text":"JF740221">> JF740221
Remotididymella anthropophila CBS 142462 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"LT592936","term_id":"1285276491","term_text":"LT592936">> LT592936 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"LT593005","term_id":"1285276559","term_text":"LT593005">> LT593005
Remotididymella desctructiva CBS 378.73 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH872414","term_id":"1473259470","term_text":"MH872414">> MH872414 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH860707","term_id":"1473247763","term_text":"MH860707">> MH860707 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237601","term_id":"294346146","term_text":"GU237601">> GU237601
Remotididymella desctructiva CBS 133.93 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238064","term_id":"294986985","term_text":"GU238064">> GU238064 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237779","term_id":"294346430","term_text":"GU237779">> GU237779 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237602","term_id":"294346148","term_text":"GU237602">> GU237602
Remotididymella desctructiva CBS 162.78 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238062","term_id":"294986983","term_text":"GU238062">> GU238062 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237788","term_id":"294346439","term_text":"GU237788">> GU237788 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237600","term_id":"294346144","term_text":"GU237600">> GU237600
Setomelanomma holmii CBS 110217 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU301871","term_id":"284192861","term_text":"GU301871">> GU301871 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT389542","term_id":"967512470","term_text":"KT389542">> KT389542 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU296196","term_id":"283993215","term_text":"GU296196">> GU296196
Similiphoma crystallifera CBS 193.82 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238060","term_id":"294986981","term_text":"GU238060">> GU238060 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237797","term_id":"294346448","term_text":"GU237797">> GU237797 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237598","term_id":"294346140","term_text":"GU237598">> GU237598
Sphaerellopsis filum CBS 234.51 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP170723","term_id":"742522020","term_text":"KP170723">> KP170723 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP170655","term_id":"742521903","term_text":"KP170655">> KP170655 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP170704","term_id":"742521993","term_text":"KP170704">> KP170704
Sphaerellopsis hakeae CPC 29566 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY173555","term_id":"1150199993","term_text":"KY173555">> KY173555 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY173466","term_id":"1150199904","term_text":"KY173466">> KY173466
Sphaerellopsis isthmospora HKAS 102225A T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387963","term_id":"1552278185","term_text":"MK387963">> MK387963 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387925","term_id":"1552235439","term_text":"MK387925">> MK387925 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387933","term_id":"1552277701","term_text":"MK387933">> MK387933
Sphaerellopsis isthmospora HKAS 102225B T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387964","term_id":"1552278187","term_text":"MK387964">> MK387964 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387926","term_id":"1552235441","term_text":"MK387926">> MK387926 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MK387934","term_id":"1552277703","term_text":"MK387934">> MK387934
Sphaerellopsis macroconidiale CBS 233.51 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP170726","term_id":"742522023","term_text":"KP170726">> KP170726 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP170658","term_id":"742521906","term_text":"KP170658">> KP170658 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP170707","term_id":"742521999","term_text":"KP170707">> KP170707
Sphaerellopsis macroconidiale CBS 658.78 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH868352","term_id":"1473255408","term_text":"MH868352">> MH868352 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP170659","term_id":"742521907","term_text":"KP170659">> KP170659 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP170708","term_id":"742522001","term_text":"KP170708">> KP170708
Sphaerellopsis paraphysata CPC 21841 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP170729","term_id":"742522026","term_text":"KP170729">> KP170729 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP170662","term_id":"742521910","term_text":"KP170662">> KP170662 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KP170710","term_id":"742522005","term_text":"KP170710">> KP170710
Stagono. cucurbitacearum CBS 133.96 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238181","term_id":"294987098","term_text":"GU238181">> GU238181 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237780","term_id":"294346431","term_text":"GU237780">> GU237780 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238234","term_id":"294987151","term_text":"GU238234">> GU238234 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237686","term_id":"294346316","term_text":"GU237686">> GU237686
Stagono. hortensis CBS 104.42 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238198","term_id":"294987115","term_text":"GU238198">> GU238198 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH856097","term_id":"1473243153","term_text":"MH856097">> MH856097 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237703","term_id":"294346350","term_text":"GU237703">> GU237703
Subplenodomus apiicola CBS 285.72 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238040","term_id":"294986961","term_text":"GU238040">> GU238040 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH860477","term_id":"1473247533","term_text":"MH860477">> MH860477 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238211","term_id":"294987128","term_text":"GU238211">> GU238211
Subplenodomus drobnjacensis CBS 269.92 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740285","term_id":"345103755","term_text":"JF740285">> JF740285 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740211","term_id":"345103681","term_text":"JF740211">> JF740211 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740100","term_id":"345103496","term_text":"JF740100">> JF740100
Subplenodomus galicola MFLU 15-1368 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KY554199","term_id":"1197234262","term_text":"KY554199">> KY554199 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MF467894","term_id":"1343312537","term_text":"MF467894">> MF467894
Subplenodomus iridicola CBS 143395 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH107965","term_id":"1387668236","term_text":"MH107965">> MH107965 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH107919","term_id":"1387668190","term_text":"MH107919">> MH107919
Subplenodomus urticae MFLUCC 17-2311 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MN597995","term_id":"1768466131","term_text":"MN597995">> MN597995 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MN597998","term_id":"1768466146","term_text":"MN597998">> MN597998 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MN597997","term_id":"1768466140","term_text":"MN597997">> MN597997
Subplenodomus valerianae CBS 630.68 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH870914","term_id":"1473257970","term_text":"MH870914">> MH870914 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"JF740251","term_id":"345103721","term_text":"JF740251">> JF740251 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238229","term_id":"294987146","term_text":"GU238229">> GU238229
Subplenodomus violicola CBS 306.68 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH870849","term_id":"1473257905","term_text":"MH870849">> MH870849 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH859138","term_id":"1473246194","term_text":"MH859138">> MH859138 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238231","term_id":"294987148","term_text":"GU238231">> GU238231 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT389849","term_id":"967512998","term_text":"KT389849">> KT389849
Vacuiphoma bulgarica CBS 357.84 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU238050","term_id":"294986971","term_text":"GU238050">> GU238050 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237837","term_id":"294346488","term_text":"GU237837">> GU237837 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"GU237589","term_id":"294346122","term_text":"GU237589">> GU237589
Vacuiphoma oculihominis URTHSC D116-308 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"LN907451","term_id":"1119196256","term_text":"LN907451">> LN907451 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"LT592954","term_id":"1285276509","term_text":"LT592954">> LT592954 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"LT593023","term_id":"1285276577","term_text":"LT593023">> LT593023
Xenodidymella applanata CBS 195.36 T <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT389764","term_id":"967512831","term_text":"KT389764">> KT389764 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"MH855770","term_id":"1473242826","term_text":"MH855770">> MH855770 <"type":"entrez-nucleotide","attrs":<"text":"KT389852","term_id":"967513004","term_text":"KT389852">> KT389852

Phylogenetic Analysis

SeqMan v. 7.0.0 (DNASTAR, Madison, WI, United States) was used to assemble consensus sequences. Sequences of closely related strains were recovered from BLAST searches of GenBank 3 together with sequences of representative species used by Chen et al. (2015), Thambugala et al. (2016), and Phookamsak et al. (2019) and these are listed in Table 1 . Sequences were aligned with online MAFFT v. 7 (Kuraku and Katoh, 2013; Katoh et al., 2019) 4 . The alignments were checked visually and improved manually where necessary using BioEdit v. 7.0.5.2 (Hall, 1999). Ambiguous regions were excluded from the analyses and gaps were treated as missing data. All novel sequences were deposited in GenBank and the final alignment and tree deposited in TreeBASE 2 . Phylogenetic analyses were based on maximum likelihood (ML) and Bayesian inference (BI) methods. Maximum likelihood analyses (ML), for single and combined gene alignments included 1,000 bootstrap replicates and was performed using RAxML-HPC2 run on XSEDE (8.2.8) (Stamatakis, 2014) in the CIPRES Science Gateway platform (Miller et al., 2011) using GTR+I+G model of evolution. The final tree was selected among suboptimal trees from each run by comparing likelihood scores with the GTRGAMMA nucleotide substitution model. The best fitting substitution model for each single gene partition and the concatenated data set was determined in MrModeltest 2.3 (Nylander, 2004) for Bayesian inference posterior probabilities (PP). GTR+I+G model was used for each partition or each gene separately, and incorporated into the analysis. The Bayesian inference posterior probabilities (PP) distribution (Zhaxybayeva and Gogarten, 2002) was estimated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling (MCMC) in MrBayes v. 3.2.2 (Ronquist et al., 2012). The MCMC analyses, with six chains were run, started from random tree topology and lasted 1,000,000 generations and sampled every 100 generations (Nylander et al., 2008). The Tracer v. 1.5.0 software program was used to calculate the distribution of log-likelihood scores in order to determine the stationary phase for each search, to check whether extra runs were required to achieve convergence, the stable likelihood plateaus and burn–in value (Drummond et al., 2012). The first 2,000 generations were excluded as burn-in and 10,000 trees were obtained. Maximum likelihood bootstrap values equal or greater than 50% and Bayesian inference posterior probabilities (PP) equal or greater than 0.90 are given in black below or above each node ( Figure 1 ). The phylograms were viewed in FigTree v1.4 5 and edited using Microsoft PowerPoint 2016.

Results

Taxonomy

Leptosphaeria regiae D. Pem, Selcuk, Jeewon & K.D. Hyde, sp. nov. Figure 2

Leptosphaeria regiae (MFLU 17-0523, holotype). (a) Specimen. (b,c) Appearance of ascomata on host surface. (d) Vertical section through the ascoma. (e) Peridium. (f) Hamathecium. (gk) Asci. (lo) Ascospores. (p) Germinating ascospore. (q,r) Culture characteristics on MEA (q: above view; r: reverse view). Scale bars: (b–d) = 200 μm, (e,g,h,k) = 50 μm, (f) = 5 μm, (i,j) = 20 μm, (l–o) = 10 μm.

Facesoffungi Number: FoF 06229

Etymology – Name reflects the host from which the fungus was isolated.

Holotype – MFLU 17-0523

Saprobic on dead stem of Juglans regia. Sexual morph: Ascomata 315–377 μm high, 364–410 μm diam., solitary or gregarious, superficial or semi-immersed on host tissue, visible as black spots on host surface, brown to dark brown. Ostiole apex dark brown to black, ostiolar canal filled with periphyses, papilla not conspicuous. Peridium 41–50 μm wide, comprising two cell types, outer layer composed of large, heavily pigmented, thick-walled cells of textura angularis, inner layer composed of scleroplectenchymatous cells of textura angularis. Hamathecium comprising numerous, 1.4–2.6 μm diam., slime coated, branched, cellular pseudoparaphyses. Asci 99–130 × 9–10 μm ( x ¯ = 104.8 × 9.9 μm, n = 30), 8-spored, bitunicate, numerous, cylindrical to cylindric-clavate, short pedicellate, apically rounded, with indistinct ocular chamber. Ascospores 15–18 × 6–7 μm ( x ¯ = 17.1 × 7.1 μm, n = 30), uni to bi-seriate, hyaline brown when immature, becoming yellowish brown to brown at maturity, ellipsoid to broadly fusiform, with rounded to acute ends, slightly clavate, narrow toward the base, 3-septate, constricted at septum, widest above the central septum, smooth-walled. Asexual morph: Undetermined.

Culture characteristics – Colonies on MEA, 17–20 mm diam. after 7 days at 16°C, margin irregular, aerial mycelia thinly hairy, sparse, white and flat; reverse dark brown, white at the margin.

Material examined – TURKEY, The Middle Kizilirmak river basin, Kirşehir province, Kaman district, Savcili small town, 911 m a.s.l., 39° 13′ 684″N, 33° 41′ 034″E, on dead stem of Juglans regia (Juglandaceae), 8 June 2012, Faruk Selcuk (MFLU 17-0523 holotype); ibid. (isotype in HKAS), ex-type living culture MFLUCC 18-1137.

Notes – The new isolate Leptosphaeria regiae was obtained from dead stem of Juglans regia. In the NCBI BLASTn search of ITS sequence L. regiae has a closest match with L. sclerotioides (Preuss ex Sacc.) de Gruyter et al. (2013) (LP7-MRL) with identities 477/492 (97%) and 1% gaps. In our multigene phylogenetic analysis, L. regiae clusters close to L. slovacica (CBS 125975) with strong bootstrap support (100% ML, 1.00 PP). A comparison of 528 base pairs across the ITS (+5.8S) regions shows 71 (11.9%) base pair differences between L. regiae and L. slovacica. Morphologically, L. regiae differs from L. slovacica in its smaller ascospores (15–18 μm vs. 18–22 μm). We therefore, introduce Leptosphaeria regiae as a new species in the genus Leptosphaeria based on differences in morphology and DNA sequence data.

Neomicrosphaeropsis juglandis D. Pem, Selcuk F, Jeewon & K.D. Hyde, sp. nov. Figure 3

Neomicrosphaeropsis juglandis (MFLU 17-0517, holotype). (a,b) Appearance of conidiomata on host surface. (c) Vertical section through conidioma. (d–g) Conidiogenous cells and developing conidia. (h–m) Conidia. (n) Germinating conidia. (o,p) Culture characters on MEA (o: Above view; p: Reverse view). Scale bars: (a,b) = 1000 μm, (c) = 50 μm, (d) = 5 μm, (e–g) = 10 μm, (h–m) = 5 μm, (n) = 15 μm.

Facesoffungi number– FoF 06211

Etymology – Name reflects the host from which the fungus was isolated

Holotype – MFLU 17-0517

Saprobic on stems of Juglans regia. Sexual morph: Undetermined. Asexual morph: Conidiomata 158–189 μm high × 172–228 μm diam. ( x ¯ = 170.6 × 202.9 μm, n = 10), pycnidial, scattered, solitary, aggregated or gregarious, immersed, slightly erumpent, black, globose to subglobose, uni- to bi-loculate, non-ostiolate. Conidiomatal wall 10–20 μm wide comprising light to dark brown, thick-walled cells of textura angularis. Conidiophores reduced to conidiogenous cells. Conidiogenous cells enteroblastic, phialidic, light brown, integrated, smooth. Conidia 8–11 × 6–7 μm ( x ¯ = 9.8 × 6.9 μm, n = 50), yellowish or greenish brown, aseptate, obovoid to ellipsoidal, smooth-walled, sometimes guttulate.

Culture characteristics – Colonies growing on MEA, reaching a diameter of 25 mm after 7 days at 25°C, circular to irregular, flat to slightly raised, mycelium medium sparse, surface initially white, becoming pale saffron to pale white, reverse dark-gray with whitish edge, smooth at surface with entire to slightly filamentous edge, thinly hairy.

Material examined – TURKEY, The Middle Kizilirmak river-basin, Kirikkale province, Delice district, Çerikli small town, 682 ma.s.l., 39° 53′ 689″N, 33° 59′ 769″E, on dead aerial stems of Juglans regia L. (Juglandaceae), 8 August 2012, Faruk Selcuk (MFLU 17–0517, holotype); ibid. (isotype in HKAS), ex-type living culture MFLUCC 18-0795, DSM 109836.

Notes – Our new taxon Neomicrosphaeropsis juglandis is characterized by large, aseptate conidia with a unique yellowish or greenish brown color and measures 8–11 × 6–7 μm, compared to N. italica (3.6–6.2 μm × 2.9–4.6 μm), the type species of the genus Neomicrosphaeropsis. The ITS sequence comparison of N. juglandis with N. tamaricicola, N. italica and N. rossica reveals a difference of 0.8% (5 base pairs difference). However, strong evidence to support N. juglandis as a new species comes from the comparison of the RPB2 gene of our new species, N. juglandis to that of N. italica which shows a pairwise difference of 1.6% as well as that of β-tubulin with N. italica showing a difference of 2.1%. We therefore, introduce N. juglandis as a new species in the genus Neomicrosphaeropsis (Didymellaceae) based on morphological and phylogenetic evidence derived especially from protein coding genes.

Subplenodomus urticae D. Pem, Camporesi, Jeewon & K.D. Hyde, sp. nov. Figure 4

Subplenodomus urticae (MFLU 17-1694, holotype). (a,b) Appearance of ascomata on host surface. (c) Vertical section through the ascoma. (d) Peridium. (e) Hamathecium. (fi) Asci. (j–p) Ascospores. (q) Germinating ascospore. (r,s) Culture characteristics on MEA (r: above view; s: reverse view). Scale bars: (b–d) = 200 μm, (e,g,h,k) = 50 μm, (f) = 5 μm, (i,j) = 20 μm, (l–o) = 10 μm.

Facesoffungi Number: FoF 06855

Etymology – Name reflects the host from which the fungus was isolated

Holotype – MFLU 17-1694

Saprobic on dead stem of Urtica dioica. Sexual morph: Ascomata 98–162 μm high, 111–200 μm diam., solitary or gregarious, superficial or semi-immersed on host tissue, visible as black spots on host surface, dark brown to black, papillate. Ostiole 29–32 × 48–66 μm, smooth, ostiolar canal filled with periphyses. Peridium 10–28 μm wide, comprising two cell types, outer layer composed of large, heavily pigmented, thick-walled cells of textura angularis, inner layer composed of hyaline cells of textura prismatica. Hamathecium comprising numerous, long, 1.7–2.4 μm ( x ¯ = 2.2 μm, n = 50) wide, broad, transversely septate, branched, cellular pseudoparaphyses. Asci 44–65 × 7.3–10.7 μm ( x ¯ = 58.4 × 8.9 μm, n = 30), 8-spored, bitunicate, numerous, cylindrical to cylindric-clavate, short pedicellate, apically rounded, with indistinct ocular chamber. Ascospores 19–24 × 4.4–5.6 μm ( x ¯ = 21.9 × 5.2 μm, n = 30), overlapping biseriate, hyaline when immature, becoming yellowish brown to brown at maturity, ellipsoidal to broadly fusiform, tapering at the ends, 3–septate, constricted at septum, widest at second septum, smooth-walled. Asexual morph: Undetermined.

Culture characteristics – Circular, surface rough, entire edge, in the middle powdery, on the edge thinly hairy, margin well-defined and slightly radiating, white and slightly raised in the middle, greenish gray at the edge; reverse white in the middle, strongly radiating, cracking the media, greenish-gray at the edges.

Material examined – ITALY, near Balze – Verghereto [province of Forlì-Cesena (FC)], on stem of Urtica dioica (Urticaceae), 19 September 2017, Erio Camporesi (MFLU 17-1694, holotype), ibid. (isotype in HKAS), ex-type living culture MFLUCC 17-2311.

Notes – Subplenodomus urticae was collected from dead stem of Urtica dioica. Morphologically, the present collection matches the description of S. galiicola and S. iridicola in having broad cylindrical, with club-shaped pedicel. However, S. urticae is distinct from S. galiicola in having smaller ascomata (98–162 × 111–200 μm vs. 254–285 × 311–314 μm), smaller ostiole (29–32 × 48–66 μm vs. 70–98 × 98–117 μm), shorter asci (44–65 × 7.3–10.7 μm vs. 66–120 × 12–17 μm) and smaller ascospores (19–24 × 4.4–5.6 μm vs. 30–40 × 6–9 μm. Phylogenetically, S. urticae forms an independent lineage distinct from S. iridicola and other Subplenodomus species. Subplenodomus urticae differs from S. iridicola in having shorter asci (44–65 × 7.3–10.7 μm vs. 80–100 × 10–15 μm) and shorter ascospores (19–24 × 4.4–5.6 μm vs. 21–25 × 6–7 μm). Other species of Subplenodomus are in their asexual morph and thus cannot be compared. A comparison of 528 ITS (+5.8S) nucleotides between S. urticae and S. galiicola shows 57 (9.5%) base pair difference while that of S. urticae and S. iridicola shows 69 (13.1%) base pair difference. Thus, a new taxon is introduced as S. urticae based on the recommendations provided by Jeewon and Hyde (2016).

Phylogenetic Analyses

In the multi-locus phylogeny inferred from the combined dataset of LSU, ITS, SSU, and β-tubulin, several well-supported clades can be recognized which are used for the delimitation of the 10 genera namely, Plenodomus, Alternariaster, Sphaerellopsis, Leptosphaeria, Alloleptosphaeria, Pseudoleptosphaeria, Subplenodomus, Paraleptosphaeria, and Heterospora ( Figure 5 ). The genus Plenodomus forms a well-supported clade within the family Leptosphaeriaceae and comprised 26 strains as well as the type species Plenodomus lingam (Tode: Fr.) Höhn. The genus Alternariaster also forms a well-supported clade sister to the Plenodomus clade and included four strains namely, A. trigonosporus, A. centaureae-diffusae, A. bidentis along with A. helianthi, the type species of the genus Alternariaster. Sphaerellopsis strains together with the type strain, Sphaerellopsis filum (Biv.) B. Sutton clustered in a distinct clade, fully supported in all analyses (89% ML, 1.00 PP). Leptosphaeria sensu stricto forms a well-supported clade in the family Leptosphaeriaceae comprising L. doliolum strains, the type species, strains of 12 other species along with the new species Leptosphaeria regiae (MFLUCC 18-1137). Our new taxon, L. regiae is close to L. slovacica (CBS 125975). The monotypic genera Alloleptosphaeria and Pseudoleptosphaeria form a distinct clade sister to each other and close to the genus Neoleptosphaeria which comprise three strains with N. rubefaciens as type species. Our new taxon, Subplenodomus urticae constitutes an independent lineage and fits within the genus Subplenodomus. The genus Paraleptosphaeria forms a well-supported monophyletic clade (89% ML, 1.00 PP) with four strains together with the type species Paraleptosphaeria nitschkei. The new species Neomicrosphaeropsis juglandis clusters in the family Didymellaceae with moderate support (85% ML, 1.00 PP). The multigene analyses show that N. juglandis (MFLUCC 18-0795) is phylogenetically related to species in the genus Neomicrosphaeropsis in particular to N. italica ( Figure 5 ). We therefore, describe the three taxa as new based on the recommendations outlined by Jeewon and Hyde (2016).

Phylogram generated from maximum likelihood and Bayesian analysis based on combined LSU, ITS, SSU, and β-tubulin sequence data retrieved from GenBank. Related sequences were referred to Chen et al. (2015), Thambugala et al. (2016), and Phookamsak et al. (2019). One hundred and sixty-nine different taxa are included in the combined genes sequence analyses which comprised 2528 characters (LSU: 1–899, ITS: 900–1510, SSU: 1511–2515, β-tubulin: 2516–2878) including gaps. Dothidotthia symphoricarpi (CPC 12929) and Neodothidotthia negundinicola (CPC 12933) are used as the out-group taxa. Maximum likelihood (ML) analysis was conducted in the CIPRES Science Gateway V.3.3. The best sorting RAxML tree with a final likelihood value of -25154.560152 is presented. Estimated base frequencies were as follows: A = 0.242800, C = 0.228484, G = 0.270168, T = 0.258548; substitution rates AC = 1.463454, AG = 3.304206, AT = 1.844561, CG = 0.804481, CT = 7.244176, GT = 1.000000; gamma distribution shape parameter α = 0.629245; proportion of invariant 0.688986. ML bootstrap values ≥50% are given as the first set of numbers and approximate likelihood-ratio test (aLRT) ≥0.90 values as the second set of numbers above the nodes. Voucher/strain numbers are given after the taxon names, the one from type material are indicated in bold face. The new taxa are given in bold and blue. The bar length indicates the number of nucleotide substitutions per site.

Discussion

Several recent papers have described saprobic fungi from the class Dothideomycetes from different hosts across the world (Pem et al., 2018, 2019a,b; Hyde et al., 2019, 2020; Phookamsak et al., 2018, 2019). This study reports on three species that are new to science collected from Turkey and Italy. They are Leptosphaeria regiae, Subplenodomus urticae from the family Leptopshaeriaceae and Neomicrosphaeropsis juglandis from the family Didymellaceae. Both Leptosphaeriaceae and Didymellaceae are highly diverse family with more than hundred species discovered during the last 10 years.

Leptosphaeria regiae forms a distinct lineage basal to L. slovacica (CBS 125975). Phylogeny recovered herein depict a close association of Leptosphaeria regiae to L. slovacica but the affinities of the latter with other species is obscure. Despite a close phylogenetic link, these two species are morphologically different. Leptosphaeria regiae differs from L. slovacica in having relatively shorter ascospores (15–18 μm vs. 18–22 μm) (de Gruyter et al., 2013). Leptosphaeria pedicularis is in its asexual state characterized by black globose perithecia, short ostiole and hyaline cylindrical conidia and cannot be morphologically compared to L. regiae. Comparison of the ITS sequences of these species shows 6.7% (L. regiae vs. L. slovacica) and 7.3% (L. regiae vs. L. pedicularis) nucleotides differences, respectively. Leptosphaeria regiae seems to be most closely allied to L. cichorium by resemblance of general morphological features such as superficial or semi-immersed globose to subglobose ascomata, peridium of schleroplectenchymatous cells and yellowish brown, fusoid, 3-septate ascospores (Ariyawansa et al., 2015). However, L. regiae has longer asci (99–130 × 9–10 μm vs. 71–115 × 5–8 μm) compared to L. cichorium. A pairwise comparison of 523 ITS (+5.8S) sequence data reveals 34 (6.8%) base pair differences between L. regiae and L. cichorium which confirms the two species as distinct. Leptosphaeria regiae also resembles L. italica in sharing superficial or semi-immersed globose ascomata and fusiform ascospores while the former differs in having longer asci (99–130 × 9–10 μm vs. 60–112 μm × 7–12 μm) (Dayarathne et al., 2015). Furthermore, L. italica occurs on Rhamnus alpinus in the Province of Forlì-Cesena in Italy while L. regiae was found on Juglans regia in the Çorum province of Turkey and they are phylogenetically apart ( Figure 5 ). It is also worth to compare the new species L. regiae to that of L. doliolum, the type species of the genus Leptosphaeria. The former has shorter asci (99–130 × 9–10 μm vs. 105–150 × 7–10 μm) and smaller ascospores (15–18 × 6–7 μm vs. 25–30 × 4–6 μm) compared to L. doliolum which was recorded on dead stem in England (Shearer et al., 1990; Liu et al., 2015). Comparison of ITS sequence data between L. regiae and L. doliolum shows 4.4% base pair differences and these two species are far apart in the phylogenetic tree. Likewise, our new species L. regiae also bears morphological resemblance to L. urticae in having cylindric-clavate, short pedicellate asci but markedly differs from L. urticae in having shorter ascospores (15–18 × 6–7 μm vs. 35–40 × 4–6 μm) and in the number of ascospore septa (3 vs. 8–9) (Phookamsak et al., 2019). Moreover, the multi-locus phylogenetic study demonstrates that both species could be clearly differentiated with 25 (5.1%) ITS nucleotides differences between them. Leptosphaeria regiae also shares similarities to L. ebuli in having cylindrical to cylindric-clavate, short pedicellate asci. However, L. regiae has larger ascomata (315–377 × 364–410 μm vs. 226–396 × 241–251 μm) and shorter ascospores (15–18 × 6–7 vs. 23–28 × 4–5 μm) compared to L. ebuli (Liu et al., 2015). Leptosphaeria regiae and L. ebuli are phylogenetically distant and ITS DNA sequence comparison reveals 28 (5.9%) base pair differences. There are 605 estimated species in the genus Leptosphaeria but only 15 species have DNA sequence data (Species Fungorum, 2020). A synopsis of all recognized species having molecular data are provided in Table 2 .

TABLE 2

Synopsis of Leptosphaeria species having DNA sequence data in GenBank.

Leptosphaeria species Country Sexual morph (μm) Asexual morph (μm) References
Host Ascomata Peridium Asci Ascospores Septate Conidiomata Conidiogeneous cells Conidia
Leptosphaeria cichorium Italy Cichorium intybus 206–240 × 251–363 2.5–7.5 71–115 × 5–8 11–20 × 3– 6 3-septate 189–200 × 196–220 2–5 × 2–4 3–6 × 1–3 Ariyawansa et al., 2015
Leptosphaeria conoidea Italy stems of angelica (Apiaceae) 90 × 5–5.5 15–20 × 4 Saccardo, 1875
Leptosphaeria doliolum England dead stem 340–460 × 360–500 85–110 105–150 × 7–10 25–30 × 4–6 3-septate Undetermined. Ariyawansa et al., 2015
Leptosphaeria ebuli Italy Sambucus ebulus (Adoxaceae) 226–396 × 241–251 24–26 80–109 × 8–9 23–28 × 4–5 3-septate Undetermined. Liu et al., 2015
Leptosphaeria errabunda Netherlands Delphinium sp. (Ranunculaceae) Description not available de Gruyter et al., 2013
Leptosphaeria italica Italy Rhamnus alpinus L. ssp. Fallax (Boiss.) Marie and Petitmangin (Rhamnaceae) 285–294 × 248–260 38–40 60–112 × 7–12 12–18 × 4–6 3-septate Undetermined. Dayarathne et al., 2015
Leptosphaeria macrocapsa Netherlands Mercurialis perennis (Euphorbiaceae) de Gruyter et al., 2013
Leptosphaeria pedicularis Switzerland Pedicularis sp. (Scrophulariaceae) Description not available de Gruyter et al., 2013
Leptosphaeria regiae Turkey Juglans regia (Juglandaceae) 315–377 × 364–410 41–50 99–130 × 9–10 15–18 × 6–7 3-septate This study
Leptosphaeria sclerotioides Canada Medicago sativa (Fabaceae) 5–6 × 2 de Gruyter et al., 2013
Leptosphaeria slovacica Czech Republic Ballota nigra (Lamiaceae) Description not available de Gruyter et al., 2013
Leptosphaeria sydowii Switzerland, Netherlands Papaver rhoeas (Papaveraceae), Senecio Jacobaea (Asteraceae) Description not available de Gruyter et al., 2013
Leptosphaeria urticae England Urtica dioica (Urticaceae) 100–130 × 70–110 25–50 60–140 × 9.9–11 35–40 × 4–6 (8–)9-septate Phookamsak et al., 2019
Leptosphaeria veronicae Netherlands stem of Veronica “Shirley Blue” (Scrophulariaceae) Description not available de Gruyter et al., 2013

There are six morphological species in the genus Subplenodomus (Species Fungorum, 2020) and all six species are described based on DNA sequence data (Tibpromma et al., 2017; Crous et al., 2018). The new species Subplenodomus urticae is morphologically similar to S. iridicola in sharing superficial or semi-immersed black ascomata and cylindrical asci with club-shaped pedicel but distinct in that the latter was described from Iris sp. (Iridaceae) from UK and has larger ascospores (21–25 × 5–7 μm vs. 19–24 × 4.4–5.6 μm) (Crous et al., 2018). A synopsis of Subplenodomus species is provided in Table 3 . Phylogenetically, S. urticae clusters in the genus Subplenodomus basal to S. iridicola. Subplenodomus violicola is the type species of Subplenodomus and was established by de Gruyter et al. (2013). Since then, five additional species have been described in the genus. Subplenodomus urticae differs from S. iridicola by 13.1% nucleotide differences in the ITS regions. In our multi-gene analysis, the affinities of Subplenodomus corroborates those reported by previous studies (Schoch et al., 2009; Zhang et al., 2012; Crous et al., 2018; Phookamsak et al., 2019). Subplenodomus apiicola, S. drobnjacensis, S. valerianae, and S. violicola all produce pycnidia with an elongated neck. The pycnidial wall is pseudoparenchymatous. The new species S. urticae is unique and well-distinct among all the species reported in the genus Subplenodomus. Subplenodomus urticae is the first Subplenodomus species reported from Urtica dioica (Urticaceae) and is unique in having shorter cylindrical asci as well as ascospores compared to other species of Subplenodomus.

TABLE 3

Synopsis of Subplenodomus species having DNA sequence data in GenBank.

Subplenodomus species Host Country Ascomata Ostioles Peridium Asci Ascospores References
Subplenodomus apiicola Apium graveolens var. rapaceum (Apiaceae) Germany Description not available de Gruyter et al., 2013
Subplenodomus drobnjacensis Gentiana makinoi “Royal Blue” (Gentianaceae) Netherlands Description not available de Gruyter et al., 2013
Subplenodomus galiicola Galium sp. (Rubiaceae) Italy 254–285 × 311–314 70–98 × 98–117 32–60 66–120 × 12– 17 30–40 × 6–9 Tibpromma et al., 2017
Subplenodomus iridicola Iris sp. (Iridaceae) UK 150–250 diam 20–30 μm diam 80–100 × 10–15 (19–) 21–25 (–27) × (5–) 6 (–7) μm Crous et al., 2018
Subplenodomus valerianae Valeriana phu (Valerianaceae) Netherlands Description not available de Gruyter et al., 2013
Subplenodomus violicola Viola tricolor (Violaceae) Netherlands Description not available de Gruyter et al., 2013
Subplenodomus urticae Urtica dioica (Urticaceae) Italy 98–162 × 111–200 29–32 × 48–66 10–28 44–65 × 7.3–10.7 19–24 × 4.4–5.6 This study

Our new species Neomicrosphaeropsis juglandis is an independent lineage close to N. italica. Among the several genes regions analyzed, it was noted that β-tubulin DNA sequence data generated relatively well-resolved topologies to support intergeneric relationships within the Didymellaceae and particularly in connection with Neomicrosphaeropsis (data not shown). Our new taxon is an addition to Neomicrosphaeropsis and is also the first record of the genus on Juglans regia in Turkey. A synopsis of the asexual morph of existing species of Neomicrosphaeropsis is provided in Table 4 . Our new taxon is unique in that it produces larger aseptate conidia compared to other Neomicrosphaeropsis species and has been reported from a different host. Among the phenotypically diverse species, the genus Neomicrosphaeropsis as well as Didymellocamarosporium in Didymellaceae produce pigmented, muriform spores (Hyde et al., 2016; Thambugala et al., 2016). One interesting finding is also that Neomicrosphaeropsis cytisi, N. cytisicola and N. cytisina are morphologically similar with conidial measurement ranging between 4–7.9 × 2.5–3.5 μm and all of them were isolated from Cytisus sp. (Fabaceae). The authors differentiate the two species based on size and form of conidiomata. However, it is highly probable that N. cytisi, N. Cytisicola, and N. cytisina are all same species as the ITS sequences of the three species are same (no base pair difference). RPB2 comparison of N. cytisi and N. cytisicola shows only three base pair difference across 1089 nucleotides examined. No TEF and BTUB sequences are available for the three species for comparison. Likewise, N. tamaricicola, N. rossica, N. Novorossica, and N. italica have been isolated from Tamarix species and are morphologically similar with conidial measurements ranging from 3.5–6.6 × 2.5–4.6 μm. Comparison of RPB2 and BTUB gene sequences between N. italica and N. tamaricola shows no base pair difference. However, comparison of TEF gene sequences between N. italica to N. rossica and N. tamaricicola shows 7 or 1.0% and 9 or 1.3% base pair differences, respectively, while there was no base pair differences between N. rossica and N. tamaricicola. It can be possible that some of these species are the same and need to be synonymised in future studies. In our phylogenetic analyses, N. minima is closely related to N. cytisi with strong bootstrap support. Comparison of available ITS and TEF sequences of N. minima and N. cytisi reveals zero base pair difference, however, there are some slight differences in conidial sizes (N. minima: 2.8–5.4 × 9.2–3.6 μm vs. N. cytisi: 4.5–7.9 × 3–5 μm). Neomicrosphaeropsis minima also differs from N. cytisi in conidiomatal size (N. minima: 60–80 μm diam., 60–95 μm high vs. N. cytisi: 75–155 μm diam., 75–130 μm high) and were isolated from different hosts. Whether these species are distinct and merit a specific taxonomic rank warrant further investigations given that minor conidial and conidiomatal size differences could vary under cultural and host conditions. Recollecting and sequencing of more coniothyrium-like and more fungi similar to Neomicrosphaeropsis from different geographical regions are also essential to clarify the placement of species and to infer relationships in Neomicrosphaeropsis and Neomicrosphaeropsis-like genera within the Didymellaceae (Pleosporales).

TABLE 4

Synopsis of the asexual morph of existing species of Neomicrosphaeropsis.

See also  lion's mane seeds